Petr Kellner entered the major league of finance by taking advantage of a qualified KPMG
audit of Česká pojišťovna for 1995 that was seen very negatively by shareholders and busi
ness partners. That was an innovative method then, and other brutal takeovers followed. A preferred method today is the asset swap. We wrote here three years ago about how Daniel Křetínský pocketed a cool billion in the exchange of a stake in Pražské služby for full control of Pražská teplárenská. The swap ratio is now the main criticism of PPF's planned takeover of Moneta. Minority shareholders don't like the spread. Kellner's hardballing might have worked if the covid recovery hadn't come so soon. When PPF made its buyout offer on Jan. 22, it was offering a premium of 17.6%. Not bad, but even without a takeover offer, Komerční banka's price has risen since then by 17.6%, and Erste's by 24.4%. Kellner's effort to "bribe" institutional investors with a big premium was a day late and a dollar short.